Climate change poses severe risks to pension funds’ investments, the Pensions and Lifetime Savings Association (PLSA) has warned in guidance published today, in partnership with environmental law firm ClientEarth.
The guidance notes that while climate change is commonly thought of as a long-term issue, potentially hitting global GDP by 50% by 2100, there is also a serious risk to pension funds’ investments in the short term1. A recent report from Cambridge University found that in the event of a 2°C increase, portfolios with a similar makeup to many pension funds could suffer permanent losses of more than 25% within five years after the shock is experienced2.
In addition, senior figures from the Bank of England and The Pensions Regulator have warned of the threat to financial stability posed by climate change. The PLSA stewardship survey also found that 76% of respondents agree that environment, social and governance (ESG) factors, such as climate change, can be material to investment performance3.
The PLSA’s new guidance provides a framework for pension funds to act on climate change. It recommends that funds should undertake a programme of measures to mitigate risks and take advantage of opportunities relating to climate change, including:
- Incorporating climate change expertise into trustee boards and other governance bodies
- Reviewing how current and prospective asset managers consider climate change as part of their investment decisions, and incorporating this into manager selection processes
- Instructing asset managers to engage with investee companies with regard to their plans to mitigate and adapt to climate change
- Reporting on their management of climate change-related risk to beneficiaries, using the reporting framework recommended by the Financial Stability Board’s Task Force on Climate Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD)
Luke Hildyard, Policy Lead: Stewardship and Corporate Governance, said:
“Climate change is not just an ethical issue for pension fund governance bodies, but a major threat to financial stability highlighted by numerous credible economic commentators and rigorous research. It is therefore imperative that boards and committees consider the potential impact that climate change will have on their investment portfolios.
“The PLSA was very encouraged by responses to our stewardship survey. Over 50% of respondents told us that they planned to increase stewardship activity in the next year around areas such as climate change.
“This guide represents a substantive programme that pension funds can implement as part of these plans. We hope that it will help governance bodies and give confidence to beneficiaries that risks to their incomes in retirement deriving from climate change are being responsibly managed.”
Natalie Shippen, company and financial lawyer at ClientEarth, said: “Climate change requires consideration by governance bodies as a financial risk – and this is fortunately being recognised industrywide. But until now, a comprehensive ‘how-to’ for the day-to-day management of the issue has been lacking, meaning pensions professionals may be aware of their legal duties but feel ill-equipped to exercise them.
“The PLSA’s new guidance is a one-stop shop for trustees and professional advisers. It is a vital tool for the pensions industry as the physical impacts of climate change intensify and the energy transition gathers speed.”
NOTES TO EDITORS:
1 Schroders, Climate Change: calibrating the thermometer (2017) via http://www.schroders.com/globalassets/global-assets/english/pdf/c00140-climatedashboard_section.pdf
2 University of Cambridge Institute for Sustainable Leadership, Unhedgeable risk: How climate change sentiment impacts investment (2015) via https://www.cisl.cam.ac.uk/publications/publication-pdfs/unhedgeable-risk.pdf
3 PLSA Stewardship Survey, 2017 https://www.plsa.co.uk/Policy-and-Research/Document-library/PLSA-Stewardship-Survey-2017
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ABOUT THE PENSIONS AND LIFETIME SAVINGS ASSOCIATION
We’re the Pensions and Lifetime Savings Association; the national association with a ninety year history of helping pension professionals run better pension schemes. Our members include over 1,300 pension schemes with 20 million members and £1 trillion in assets, and over 400 businesses. They make us the voice for pensions and lifetime savings in Westminster, Whitehall and Brussels.
Our purpose is simple: to help everyone to achieve a better income in retirement. We work to get more money into retirement savings, to get more value out of those savings and to build the confidence and understanding of savers.